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Did you know this? (+ Newborn Baby Photos!)
January 03, 2017

January 3, 2017


English Grammar Revolution Happy 2017! Lenora O'Brien joined us a few days before Christmas.

She's happy and healthy, and I'm recovering well.

We spent most of the holidays around home navigating our new family dynamics and enjoying Lenora's cuddles.

Alice is a very proud older sister, and she loves to help take care of the baby.

Scroll down to the Grammar Time section to see a photo of Alice holding Lenora. :) You'll also learn about adjectives!

Happy Learning,

Elizabeth O'Brien

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"I wanted to let you know how much my children have enjoyed Get Smart. They both think it's fun. I think the videos are their favorite part."

- Cindy, Homeschooler

English Grammar Revolution

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Thank goodness for adjectives. They make it possible to describe things like this cute picture.

English Grammar Revolution Sequoia

You probably already know that adjectives describe nouns and pronouns.

Did you know that an adjective can be a word, a phrase, or even a clause? I'll show you! ____________________________________________________

1. Adjectives - Words

Adjectives can be words. If you've studied any grammar, you probably already know this. This is the first kind of adjective that we learn about because it's the simplest.

The newborn baby slept peacefully.

adjective word

The word newborn modifies the noun baby. It tells us which baby or what kind of baby. (Which one? and What kind? are adjective questions.)

The sentence diagram helps you to see that newborn modifies baby.


2. Adjectives - Phrases

Phrases are groups of words without both a subject and a verb. They act as a single part of speech.

Although a phrase is made of multiple words, all of the words come together to perform one function in a sentence.

The bag with the diapers is in the hall.

adjective phrase

The prepositional phrase with the diapers is acting as an adjective. It modifies the noun bag. It tells us which bag.

In this sentence diagram, you can see that the prepositional phrase comes off of the noun bag. That makes it easy to see that the phrase is modifying it.


3. Adjectives - Clauses

Clauses are groups of words with a subject and a verb. There are two different kinds of clauses: independent and dependent.

Do you remember how all of the words in a phrase come together to act as a single part of speech? The same is true for dependent clauses.

Adjective clauses are a type of dependent clause. All of the words in the clause come together to function as an adjective.

The people who visited us brought food.

adjective clause

The adjective clause who visited us modifies the noun people. It tells us which people.

Look at the sentence diagram again. Did you notice that the adjective clause is connected to the noun people with a dotted line? That makes it easy to see that the clause is modifying the word people.


Would you like to learn more? You'll find these pages helpful.

Are you a teacher? Feel free to use this as a lesson plan in your classroom!

Click here to learn how to diagram sentences.

About Elizabeth

English Grammar Revolution

Elizabeth O'Brien is founder of, a company devoted to helping people learn and love grammar.

Through her website, books, and programs, Elizabeth shows people how to teach and learn grammar the easy way. She's on a mission to inspire and motivate people by making grammar fun and friendly.

If you liked today's issue, you'll love Elizabeth's grammar and sentence diagramming programs, which will help you learn or teach grammar through simple, step-by-step instructions and sentence diagrams.

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