Let's take a closer look at three of those example sentences. We'll also look at how to diagram them!
If you're new to diagramming sentences, don't fret. Diagrams give us a way to SHOW the structure of sentences. If you want to learn more about diagramming, this page will help.
Dress up contains two words that are performing the job of one verb. Dress is a verb, and up is a word from the preposition list. Dress up has a different meaning than the words have individually. Dress up means to wear nice clothing.
Since phrasal verbs are functioning as one verb, you diagram them just like you would diagram any other verb. That means you don't have to do anything fancy.
Work out contains two words that are performing the job of one verb. Work is a verb, and out is a word from the preposition list. Work out means to exercise.
Turned in contains two words that are performing the job of one verb. Turned is a verb, and in is a word from the preposition list. Turned in means to go to sleep.
These word combinations don't always create phrasal verbs. These only occur when the words combine to create an entirely new meaning.
Let's study this phenomenon with the words work out. We saw above that the words work out can create a phrasal verb.
I work out in the morning.
But, that is not always the case. Look at the next sentence.
I work out of my office.
What do you think?
In this sentence, work out is not a phrasal verb. Work is a verb, and out is working together with of to form a preposition.
You can see from the diagrams that one sentence contains a phrasal verb and one does not.
Got it? Good!
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