Past participles are parts of verbs used to form many verb tenses
. They are used to form the past perfect tense, present perfect tense, and future perfect tense, but what are they? Here are some examples.
I have seen six deer!
The students have graduated from high school.
What Are They?
Every verb has what are called four principal parts
. This means that we can take any verb and break it into these parts. Past participles are simply one of those principal parts of a verb.
Here is a chart showing you some examples of verbs broken into their principal parts.
Good news! Regular verbs
follow a pattern!
That's why they are called regular
. If you have a regular verb, simply add -d
to the present tense form of the verb.
||+ d or ed
You can learn more about regular verbs
if you would like!
Bad news! Irregular verbs
don't follow a pattern. This can make it hard to know the past participles of irregular verbs. But, know that you can always use a dictionary if you're unsure. You'll see some examples in this chart.
||Change to ?
You can learn more about irregular verbs
if you would like.
Don't Get Confused
When people talk about participles
, they may be referring to something a little different than what we've covered on this page. They might be talking about something called a
. Verbals are verb forms that look like verbs but don't act like verbs.
Participles are a type of verbal that act like an adjective
instead of a verb
The running deer were beautiful!
is a participle. It looks like a verb, but it acts like an adjective modifying the noun deer
The burned toast tasted awful.
In this sentence, burned
is a participle. It looks like a verb, but it acts like an adjective modifying the noun toast