Past participles are parts of verbs used to form many verb tenses
They are used to form the past perfect tense, present perfect tense, and future perfect tense, but what are they? Here are some examples.
I have seen six deer!
The students have graduated from high school.
What Are They?
Every verb has what are called four principal parts
This means that we can take any verb and break it into these parts. Past participles are simply one of those principal parts of a verb.
Here is a chart showing you some examples of verbs broken into their principal parts.
Good news! Regular verbs
follow a pattern! That is why they are called regular
If you have a regular verb, simply add d
to the present tense form of the verb.
||+ d or ed
You can learn more about regular verbs
if you would like!
Bad news! Irregular verbs
don't follow a pattern.
This can make it hard to know the past participles of irregular verbs.
But, you can always use a dictionary if you are unsure.
You'll see some examples in this chart.
||Change to ?
You can learn more about irregular verbs
if you would like.
Don't Get Confused
When people talk about participles
, they may be referring to something a little different than what we've covered on this page.
They are talking about something called a
are verb forms that look like verbs but don't act like verbs.
Participles are a type of verbal that act like an adjective
instead of a verb
Here are some examples:
The running deer were beautiful!
is a participle. It looks like a verb, but it acts like an adjective modifying the noun deer
The burned toast tasted awful.
In this sentence, burned
is a participle. It looks like a verb, but it acts like an adjective modifying the noun toast
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