You might know the definition of a conjunction, but seeing this list of conjunctions will help you sear that definition in your mind. There are three types of conjunctions (coordinating, subordinating, and correlative), and we'll look at examples of all of them here!
Conjunctions are words that join two or more words, phrases, or clauses.
1. List of Coordinating Conjunctions
Coordinating conjunctions join sentence elements that are the same. They can join words, phrases, and clauses.
cookies and milk (joining words)
into the house and out the door (joining phrases)
He came and she left. (joining clauses)
There are only seven of these, and they're easy to memorize if you use the mnemonic device FANBOYS.
For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So
Sentence diagrams are little pictures of sentences. They help us to see the grammatical relationship between words in a sentence.
This sentence diagram shows us that coordinating conjunctions connect two or more sentence elements. The coordinating conjunction goes on a dotted, vertical line between the things that it connects.
The conjunction in this diagram is connecting two independent clauses. We call this type of sentence a compound sentence.
2. List of Subordinating Conjunctions
Subordinating conjunctions are conjunctions that join dependent clauses to independent clauses.
I will eat broccoli after I eat this cookie.
(I will eat broccoli = independent clause, after I eat this cookie = dependent adverb clause)
There are many subordinating conjunctions, so keep in mind that this list doesn't include all of them! A WHITE BUS is a way to help you memorize some of the subordinating conjunctions.
A after, although, as, as if, as long as, as much as, as soon as, as though
B because, before, by the time
E even if, even though
I if, in order that, in case
O once, only if
P provided that
S since, so that
T than, that, though, till
U unless, until
W when, whenever, where, wherever, while
You can see that these kinds of conjunctions connect dependent clauses (also called subordinate clauses) to independent clauses just by looking at the sentence diagram!
The subordinating conjunction goes on a dotted line between the two clauses. The top clause is an independent clause and the bottom clause is a dependent clause. We call this kind of sentence a complex sentence.
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3. List of Conjunctions - Correlative Conjunctions
These kinds of conjunctions do the same thing that coordinating conjunctions do except that they are always used in pairs.
This cookie contains neither chocolate nor nuts.
not only...but also
Here's a sentence diagram of the correlative conjunction both…and.
Did you notice that it's diagrammed in the same way that we diagrammed our coordinating conjunction above? I thought you would. You're so smart.
Here are a few other lessons you might enjoy.