Every single word we use belongs to one of eight word groups or parts of speech.
Wow! Did you hear that? Just think about that fact for a minute. We use thousands of words, and they can all be separated into just eight groups!
You'll learn about all eight word groups below, and you'll transform yourself into a grammar guru. Everything else that has to do with grammar builds on this information, so soak it all in!
The 8 Parts of Speech
1. What is a noun?
Nouns name people, places, things, or ideas. There are many different types of nouns.
Here are a few: proper nouns, common nouns, collective nouns, possessive nouns, and compound nouns.
A peacock walked through our yard.
The dog howled.
2. What is a pronoun?
Pronouns take the place of nouns. There are many different types of pronouns.
Here are a few of them: reflexive pronouns, indefinite pronouns, possessive pronouns, and relative pronouns.
We walked across the bridge.
It woke the baby.
3. What is a verb?
Verbs show actions or states of being. Linking verbs, action verbs, and helping verbs are described on the page above.
Modals are described here, and you can learn even more about action verbs and linking verbs here.
The shuttle flew into space.
The loving mother comforted the baby.
4. What is an adjective?
Adjectives describe, or modify, nouns and pronouns.
The wise, handsome owl had orange eyes.
The caring father rocked the baby.
5. What is an adverb?
Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs.
The extremely cute koala hugged its mom very tightly.
The dog howled loudly.
6. What is a preposition?
Prepositions show the relationship between a noun or a pronoun and some other word in the rest of the sentence.
The frog sat in the flower.
The baby cried for a long time.
7. What is a conjunction?
Conjunctions join two or more words, phrases, or clauses
The hummingbird sat and waited.
The baby gazed at his mother and father.
8. What is an interjection?
Interjections show excitement or emotion. They are not grammatically related to the rest of the sentence.
Wow! That jump was amazing!
Phew, the baby finally fell asleep.
Wait! One More Super Cool Thing
Do you want to hear a little secret that most people don't know? If you understand this, you'll be way ahead of the game, so stick with me!
Most words can function as multiple parts of speech. They only ever do one job per sentence, but they can do different things in different sentences.
My love of grammar inspired me to make this website. (love = noun)
I love you! (love = verb)
Whew! Now I can relax knowing that you've learned this important information about the parts of speech.
If you want to teach or learn
grammar the easy way, follow our step-by-step program which clearly
lays everything out and allows you to move at your own pace. The
Get Smart Grammar Program is presented in a logical sequence, so it's not an
overwhelming mishmash of information. Just watch the videos and complete your assignments. Before you know it, you'll be a grammar and sentence diagramming pro!
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