Oh, goody! It's time to learn about proper nouns and common nouns.
You probably already know what a noun is, but I'm still going to give you a little refresher! Nouns are words that name people, places, things, or ideas, and there are many different types of nouns. In this lesson, we'll go over two types.
These name specific people, places, things, or ideas.
Maya, Paris, Rover, Nike
Since these nouns are naming specific things, they always begin with a capital letter.
Sometimes, they contain two or more important words.
Maya Angelou, Central Park Zoo, Pacific Ocean
If this is the case, both important words are capitalized, and the whole thing is still considered to be one noun even though it's made up of more than one word. How about that?
Common nouns are your run-of-the-mill, generic nouns. They name people, places, things or ideas that are not specific.
woman, city, dog, shoe
Since these nouns aren't naming anything specific, they don't need to start with a capital letter unless they begin a sentence.
Psst! If you need a refresher on nouns, see the nouns page.
Every proper noun has a common noun equivalent, but not every common noun has a proper equivalent.
For example, dust is only a common noun. There is no specific kind of dust, so it's just common.
What Can They Do?
Both of these kinds of nouns can perform many jobs in sentences. Below, you'll find five noun jobs. (All of the nouns in these example sentences are common.)
These examples also include sentence diagrams. Sentence diagrams are pictures of sentences that basically make the grammar in the sentence visual. That sounds kind of strange, but it's true. Figuring out a sentence's diagrams is like solving a puzzle. Diagrams are a great way to learn grammar!
1. Subject The students happily studied grammar.
5. Predicate Nominative They were grammar champions!
I hope that was helpful. You can always learn more about nouns on our what is a noun page.