It's time to learn about sentence types! Sentences allow us to package information so that we can express ourselves clearly and understand what others have expressed.
We use different types of sentences for different purposes, and when we categorize sentences based on their purpose, we get four types of sentences: statements, questions, exclamations, and commands.
Let's learn more about each of them, shall we?
These are the most common type of sentence. We use them to make statements. The fancy name for a statement is a declarative sentence.
The butter was in the cupboard yesterday.
Dinosaurs lived millions of years ago.
This is my favorite movie.
We'll also be looking at sentence diagrams of these sentence types.
Here is a very basic sentence diagram. The subject goes on the left and the verb goes on the right.
When we want to ask questions, we use interrogative sentences. Interrogative sentences are usually written in kind of a funny word order. Here I am offering you some coffee. Coffee is delicious, and you should
really have a cup right now if you haven't had one yet today. :)
Would you like coffee?
When you look at the sentence diagram, you can see that the subject of the sentence is you. Usually, our sentences begin with the subject, but the word order for questions is a bit strange! Questions often have an auxiliary verb (helping verb) or another word before the subject.
Would you like coffee?
The subject is you, and the sentence starts with the helping verb would.
Where is the butter?
The subject is butter, and the sentence starts with the adverb where.
When did dinosaurs live?
The subject is dinosaurs, and the sentence starts with the adverb when.
Sometimes we want to shout! Here's the funny thing about exclamatory sentences: We can define them in two ways - function and form.
Exclamatory in Function
Sentences that are exclamatory in function simply end with an exclamation mark.
I can't find the butter!
The tyrannosaurus rex was huge!
I love this movie!
Exclamatory in Form
Sentences that are exclamatory in form start with what or how, are not interrogative, and have a shift in the typical word order.
What big ears you have!
What big eyes you have!
What a terrible, big mouth you have!
Do you ever feel bossy? If you do, you probably feel the urge to use
this sentence type. These types of sentences give orders. The fancy name
for a command is an imperative sentence.
Show me the money.
Give me a dinosaur for my birthday.
Play the movie.
When commands are used with a noun of direct address, they're still commands.
Bob, show me the money.
Mom, give me a dinosaur for my birthday.
Jenny, play the movie.
The subject of every single command is the same. Isn't that crazy?
It's a word that isn't even stated in these sentences. The subject of every command is (you) - or you understood.
Shut the door.