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Present Simple Verb Tenses

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Present Simple Verb Tenses

Present simple verb tenses show actions that happen regularly or that are permanently happening.

The children play near the park.

The pretty horse gallops across the field.

Principal Parts of Verbs

You might be wondering what I'm talking about with this whole principal parts of a verb business.

I bring this up because it's very important, and it will help you to form the present simple verb tense.
All verbs can be broken down into four parts called the principal parts of a verb.

Those four principal parts are:

1. Present

2. Present Participle

3. Past

4. Past Participle

You form the present simple tense by using one of those principal parts - the present part. Let's look at a chart of the principal parts of a verb so that you know what I mean.

Present Present Participle Past Past Participle
come (is) coming came (have) come
fall (is) falling fell (have) fallen
go (is) going went (have) gone
graduate (is) graduating graduated (have) graduated
know (is) knowing knew (have) known
walk (is) walking walk (have) walked
write (is) writing wrote (have) written

Forming the Present Simple Tense

There are three ways to make a verb into the simple present tense:

1. You use the verb's present form. 2. You add an s to the present form. 3. You add an es to the present form.

The verb itself and the number of the subject will determine which of the three ways you need to use. (It varies for each verb and subject.)

1. Use the present form of the verb.

You use this for plural subjects (that means more than one), and for those crazy singular pronouns I and you.
The children play near the park.

I know how to make a sandwich.

2. Add s to present form of the verb.

You'll only do this when your subject is singular. (That means one.)
Mark plays near the park.

The pretty horse gallops across the field.

3. Add es to the present form of the verb.

You'll only do this when your subject is singular and the verb ends in s, z, x, sh, or ch.
Mr. Hanny teaches first grade.

The little girl misses her mom.
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