The Beginner's Guide to Grammar

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The Beginner's Guide to Grammar

Our Free Guide Gives You A Fun Way To Teach And Learn The Basics

Download the guide

What is a comma splice?

Comma splices are a common error. Do you know what they are and how you can avoid them? It's time to learn!

This lesson is broken down into three parts because there is some background knowledge that you need before you can understand this comma rule.
Part 1: Independent Clauses

Part 2: Compound Sentences

Part 3: Comma Splices

Part 1: Independent Clauses

An independent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and verb, and it can stand alone as a complete thought.

Here are two independent clauses and their sentence diagrams. If you're not familiar with sentence diagramming, don't be discouraged. Just keep on reading!

1. The students wanted indoor recess.
2. The teachers wanted outdoor recess.

Part 2: Compound Sentences

Compound sentences are made up of two or more independent clauses.

Compound sentences are great because they give us a way to combine ideas and make our sentences more interesting.

Here are two ways that you can properly punctuate compound sentences.

1. Join the clauses with a semicolon.

When you diagram sentences with semicolons, join the clauses together with a dotted line and place an x on the line to represent the semicolon.

Some people prefer to draw a semicolon on the dotted line. Either one is fine.

The students wanted indoor recess; the teachers wanted outdoor recess.
2. Join the clauses with a comma and a coordinating conjunction.

Coordinating conjunctions are words that join things together. There are only seven coordinating conjunctions (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so).

The students wanted indoor recess, but the teachers wanted outdoor recess.

Part 3: Finally... Comma Splices!

When independent clauses are joined by only a comma, we call them comma splices. Commas are not strong enough to hold two independent clauses together.

Here are a couple of examples.

The students wanted indoor recess,
the teachers wanted outdoor recess.

My mother loves baking, she just made brownies.

Fixing Them

Here are four ways you can avoid these.

1. Add a coordinating conjunction after the comma.

My mother loves baking, so she just made brownies.

2. Take out the comma and replace it with a semicolon.

My mother loves baking; she just made brownies.

3. Separate the two clauses into two sentences.

My mother loves baking. She just made brownies.

4. Put a colon between the two clauses if the second clause expands upon or clarifies the first clause.

My mother baked three different types of brownies today: she loves baking.

Are they ever okay?

You can use these for stylistic reasons if the clauses that they are connecting are short and parallel in structure.

They came, they saw, they left.

However, most people will see them as mistakes, so you should avoid them in formal writing.
Elizabeth O'Brien from Grammar Revolution

Hello! I'm Elizabeth O'Brien, and my goal is to get you jazzed about grammar.

Newsletter Article

March 13, 2018

We are currently on lesson 10 and my children's confidence level has increased immensely! 

- Jennifer, Homeschooling Mom

If you want to teach or learn grammar the easy way, then follow a step-by-step program that clearly lays everything out for you and allows you to move at your own pace. The Get Smart program is presented in a logical sequence, so it's not an overwhelming mishmash of information. Before you know it, you'll be a grammar and sentence diagramming pro. The whole program is online, so you have instant access to these lessons and videos. It's easy and fun. You can get it at

Keep learning and have fun!

Our Free Guide Gives You A Fun Way

To Teach And Learn The Basics v

Elizabeth O'Brien is the creator of Grammar Revolution.

Her lessons are guaranteed to give you more confidence in your communication skills and make you smile. :)

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