Diagramming Thanksgiving Facts

Here in the United States, we're gearing up for Thanksgiving. But before we stuff ourselves with turkey, mashed potatoes, and pie, let's do a little mental workout. We're going to diagram three sentences. 

Directions 

Diagram the following three sentences. After you've diagrammed them, identify the function of each word, phrase, and clause. You'll find the answers below.

1. The American colonists used pumpkin in pie crusts, but they did not use it in the filling.

2. Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade began in the 1920s.

3. Male turkeys gobble, but female turkeys do not. 

A Note to Beginners

If you're just beginning to learn about grammar and sentence diagramming, welcome!

Read over the sentences that we'll be diagramming, then scroll down and look at each sentence diagram. Use the links in the key boxes below each diagram to learn about each word in the diagram. You can start learning how to diagram sentences here if you'd like.


Answers

1. The American colonists used pumpkin in pie crusts, but they did not use it in the filling.

Use the chart below to learn about each word in this sentence.

Click on the links on the right side of the chart if you'd like to learn more.

The American colonists used pumpkin in pie crusts,
but they did not use it in the filling.
compound sentence
The American colonists used
pumpkin in pie crusts
independent clause
colonists
subject (noun)
used
verb (transitive active)
pumpkin
direct object (noun)
The, American
adjectives
in pie crusts
prepositional phrase (adverbial)
in
preposition
crusts
object of the preposition (noun)
pie
adjective
but
coordinating conjunction connecting independent clauses
they did not use it in the filling
independent clause
they
subject (pronoun)
did use
verb phrase
did
helping verb
use
main verb (transitive active)
it
direct object (pronoun)
not
adverb
in the filling
prepositional phrase (adverbial)
in
preposition
filling
object of the preposition (noun)
the
adjective

2. Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade began in the 1920s.

Use the chart below to learn about each word in this sentence. 

Click on the links on the right side of the chart if you'd like to learn more.

Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade began in the 1920s
simple sentence
Macy's* Thanksgiving Day Parade
subject (proper noun)
began
verb (intransitive complete)
in the 1920s
prepositional phrase (adverbial)
in
preposition
1920s
object of the preposition (noun)
the
adjective
* You may have diagrammed Macy's as a possessive adjective. I diagrammed it as part of the subject because it's part of the name of the parade.

3. Male turkeys gobble, but female turkeys do not. 

Use the chart below to learn about each word in this sentence. 

Click on the links on the right side of the chart if you'd like to learn more.

Male turkeys gobble, but female turkeys do not.
compound sentence
Male turkeys gobble
independent clause
turkeys
subject (noun)
gobble
verb (intransitive complete)
Male
adjective
but
coordinating conjunction joining two independent clauses
female turkeys do not
independent clause
turkeys
subject (noun)
do (gobble)
verb phrase
do
helping verb
(gobble)
implied main verb (intransitive complete)
not
adverb

Hello! I'm Elizabeth O'Brien, and my goal is to get you jazzed about grammar.

Thank you for your diagrams. You sure have been helpful and a great influence on my class. I got an 87% on my last English test. I was so happy because it's one of my highest scores. Thanks again!

- Emily, Student

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